Research Category: Innovation Grants

Interseeding Cover Crops While Applying In-Season Nitrogen

(2016)
Keith Hartmann

This project will build a 12-row, 30-inch row spacing, cover crop interseeder that can apply liquid nitrogen and seed a cover crop in one pass. This will expand upon ongoing farm research using a small scale prototype interseeder that was built using commonly sourced Yetter Manufacturing strip freshener units, incorporating the seeds and a Gandy seeder. The project focus is to show farmers how they can
successfully establish a cover crop in a northern climate and efficiently do that with one pass across the field during an in-season nitrogen application.

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Field Day to Demonstrate Drainage Water Management and Sub-irrigation

(2016)
Gerald and Jared Nordick

This project will consist of a field day showcasing innovative drainage systems.

The field day will be open to anyone, but is intended to attract other farmers, county commissioners and county staff, watershed district managers, board members and personnel, local state senators from Minnesota and North Dakota, leaders and managers of state and federal agencies, and agricultural commodity groups. The field day will showcase an innovative subsurface drainage system on the farm. The system is designed to manage when and how much water is being drained via controlled drainage,

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Demonstrating Optimal Nitrogen Rate and Timing Practices in a Corn-Soybean Rotation

(2016)
Wayne Dewall

This project will engage with an existing on-farm project designed to improve understanding of the impact of agricultural practices on water quality at both the field and small watershed scale.

Current two-year edge of field monitoring indicates that an average of 51 lbs. per acre is lost from the field each year. Greatest losses are in May and June when crop nitrogen (N) requirement s are low and heavy leaching rains are most common.

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How Drainage Water and Sub-Irrigation Impact Water Quality

(2016)
Chad Davison

The soils in the Red River Valley (RRV) are generally fine textured and drain very slowly. At the same time, the RRV also receives the lowest amount of annual rainfall compared to the rest of the state. That rainfall is not distributed evenly throughout the year, with excessive moisture commonly present during spring and less precipitation later during the growing season.

The focus of this project is to monitor water quality, water table level,

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Integrating Side-Dressing and Interseeding for Reduced Nitrate Loss and Soil Erosion

(2016)
Dan Coffman and Lee Thompson

The objective of this project is to improve soil health, reduce soil erosion and reduce nitrate loss while utilizing a side-dress nitrogen application and simultaneous inter-seeding of a cover crop. This farm has utilized conventional tillage for many years and applied nitrogen fertilizer prior to spring planting. Questions of sustainability of the current management system drive the investigation for better/newer practices. This project will integrate side-dress nitrogen during the growing season with interseeding cover crops.

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Soil and Water Improvement through Strip-Tilling and Cover Crop Application

(2016)
Brad and Darlene Nere

The objective of this project is to explore practices to reduce nitrogen loss and improve nitrogen management which, in turn, improves water quality. Cover crops will bring up underutilized nutrients from deeper in the soil profile, reduce erosion and allow better infiltration of rain water. Strip tilling will also aid in reducing soil erosion and improving water quality by leaving more residue on the soil surface during vulnerable periods during the year. The split application of nitrogen will benefit both soil and water quality and result in reduced fertilizer costs with more efficient use and less total nitrogen needed.

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